Key reading:

  • Christopher P. Rodgers, Eleanor A. Straughton, Angus J. L. Winchester and Margherita Pieraccini, Contested Common Land: Environmental Governance Past and Present (Routledge, Abingdon, 2011)
  • Stuart Hodkinson, ‘The New Urban Enclosures’, City, 16: 5 (2000), 500-518
  • Guy Shrubsole, Who Owns England? (Harper Collins, 2019)
  • Brett Christophers, The New Enclosures: the appropriation of public land in Neoliberal Britain (Verso, 2019)
  • James Winter, Secure from Rash Assault: Sustaining the Victorian Environment (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)
  • Iain Channing, The Police and the Expansion of Public Order Law in Britain, 1829-2014 (Routledge, 2015)
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Public space: property, lines, interruptions’, Journal of Law, Property and Society, 2: 1 (2016), 1-47
  • Peter Clark, Jean-Luc Pinot and Richard Rodger, eds, The European City and Green Space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850-2000 (Routledge, 2006)
  • Matti Hannikainen, The Greening of London, 1920-2000 (Routledge, 2016)
  • James Greenhalgh, Reconstructing Modernity: space, power and governance in mid-twentieth century British cities (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2017)

Websites and online resources:

Image/archive collections (as currently available):

Current and relatively recent reports on public space etc:

  • London Assembly report on London’s Public Space, 2011:
  • City of London Open Space strategy, 2014:
  •  House of Commons, Public Parks committee report, 2017:
  • Landscape Research Group, cadastral maps of landownership:
  • Dimitrios Bormpoudakis, Joseph Tzanopoulos, Evangelia Apostolopoulou, ‘The rise and fall of biodiversity offsetting in the Lodge Hill large-scale housing development, South East England’, Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space (2019):

  • Andrew Smith, ‘Paying for parks. Ticketed events and the commercialisation of public space’, Leisure Studies, 13: 5 (2018), 533-46
  • Andrew Smith, ‘Justifying and resisting public park commercialisation: The battle for Battersea Park’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 26:2 (2019),