timeline

1671 1671
1723 1723
1817
1836
1845 1845
1847
1859
1860
1865
1866
1876
1876 1876
1877 1877
1880
1881
1882
1884 1884
1887 1887
1899 1899
1906 1906

1723

1723 Waltham Forest Black Act

1723: 9 George 1 c.22: The Black Act

1721 black act

1836

1836 Inclosure Act 6 & 7 Will IV c115

common fields exempted from enclosure if they lay within 10 miles of London or 3 miles of a town of over 100,000 population

 

1845

General Inclosure Act 1845

http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Vict/8-9/118

if the commons were within 4 miles distance of large towns, and 15 miles of London, a proportion of the enclosed land had to be set out for recreation

10 acres above 10,000 population

8 above 5 to 10,000

5 above 2 to 5000

4 under 2000

general enclosure act 1845

1847

1847 Town Improvement Act

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Vict/10-11/34/contents

consolidated provisions previously in local acts for improvement and simplified procedures for local authorities to acquire land for parks etc, provided the site was no moer than 3 miles from the principal market or the commissioners’ office.

1859

1859 Recreation Grounds Act 20 Vic c27

land not exceeding £1000 could be bequeathed for the purpose of providing public recreation grounds and playgrounds

 

 

1860

1860 23 and 24 Vic c30 Public Improvement Act

local authorities could levy rates to a max of 6d in the pound provided 2/3 ratepayers agreed to maintain land for public walks and recreation; half the cost had to be raised by subscription.

1866

Metropolitan Commons Act 29 and 30 Vic c122

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Vict/29-30/122/contents

metropolitan commons act 1866

all commons within 15 miles of centre of London protected and regulated

1876

Kyrle Society formed

https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/43789996.pdf

octavia hill kyrle society
Octavia Hill
Charity Organisation Review
New Series, Vol. 18, No. 108 (DECEMBER 1905), pp. 314-319

 

1877

1877 open spaces metropolis1877 Open Spaces (Metropolis) Act

1880

Committee for Securing Open Spaces formed

 

 

1881

Metropolitan Open Spaces Act

enabled grounds to be transferred to local authorities for use as a public garden

debate in parliament – https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/lords/1906/jul/30/open-spaces-bill