Websites and online resources:

Image collections (as of 2018; this may change):

GIS resources:

Handily listed by Alasdair Rae of Sheffield University:

Alasdair Rae’s interactive map of Green Belt:


Alasdair Rae’s map of land cover:



Printed primary sources:


Webpages and online articles:

on the privatisation of public spaces:


Social housing/class divides:


  • Christopher P. Rodgers, Eleanor A. Straughton, Angus J. L. Winchester and Margherita Pieraccini, Contested Common Land: Environmental Governance Past and Present (Routledge, Abingdon, 2011)
  • Christopher Rodgers, ‘Environmental Management of Common Land: towards a new legal framework?’, Journal of Environmental Law, Vol 11 No 2 (1999)
  • Nicola Whyte, Inhabiting the Landscape: Place, Custom and Memory, 1500-1800 (Windgather Press, 2009)
  • Wendy Darby, Landscape and Identity: Geographies of Nation and Class in England (Bloomsbury, 2000)
  • Peter Linebaugh, Stop, Thief! The Commons, Enclosures and Resistance (PM Press, 2014)
  • Ben Cowell, ‘The Commons Preservation Society and the Campaign for Berkhamsted Common, 1866–70’, Rural History, 13: 2 (2002)
  • Ian D Rotherham, ed., Cultural Severance and the Environment: the ending of traditional customary practice on commons and landscapes managed in common (Springer, London, 2013)
  • J. W. Aitchison, `The Commons and Wastes of England and Wales, 1958-1989′, Area (1990)
  • Iain Taylor, ‘Pressure Groups, Contested ‘Land-Spaces’ and the Politics of Ridicule in Sevenoaks, Kent 1881–85’, Journal of Victorian Culture, 21: 3 (2016), 322-45
  • Antony Taylor, ‘Commons stealers, land grabbers and jerry builders: space, popular radicalism and the politics of public access in London, 1848-1880’, International Review of Social History, 40 (1995), 383-407

Local histories and a sense of place:

  • Gillian Tindall, The Fields Beneath: the History of One London Village (1977; paperback ed. Eland, London, 2010)
  • K. D. M. Snell, Parish and Belonging: Community, Identity and Welfare in England and Wales, 1700-1950 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006)
  • Michael Woods, ‘Engaging the global countryside: globalisation, hybridity and the reconstitution of rural space’, Progress in Human Geography, 31: 4 (2007), 485-507

Urban improvement and gentrification:

  • Nicholas Goddard, ‘Sanitate Crescamus: Water Supply, Sewage Disposal and Environmental Values in a Victorian Suburb’, in Bill Luckin et all, Resources of the City: Contributions to an Environmental History of Modern Europe (Routledge, 2005)
  • Henry W Lawrence, ‘The Greening of the Squares of London: Transformation of Urban Landscapes and Ideals’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83: 1 (1993), 90-118

Ecological gentrification:

Public Space:

Lynn Hollen Lees, ‘Urban public space and imagined communities in the 1980s and 1990s’, Journal of Urban History, 20: 4 (1994), 443-465

‘Greening’, parks and garden cities:

  • Matti Hannikainen, The Greening of London, 1920-2000 (Routledge, 2016)
  • Peter Clark, Jean-Luc Pinot and Richard Rodger, eds, The European City and Green Space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850-2000 (Routledge, 2006)
  • Peter Gurney, ‘The politics of public space in Manchester, 1896-1919’, Manchester Region History Review, II (1997), 12-23 –
  • Fabiano Lemes de Oliveria, ‘Green Wedges: origins and development in Britain’, PP, 29:3 (2014), 357-379
  • Tim Brown, ‘ The making of urban healtheries: the transformation of cemeteries and burial grounds in late-Victorian East London’, Journal of Historical Geography,  42 (2013) 1223
  • H Conway, People’s Parks: the Design and Development of Victorian Parks in Britain (Cambridge, 1991)
  • Kermit C Parsons and David Schuyler, eds, From Garden City to Green City: the Legacy of Ebeneezer Howard (Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002)
  • Henry W Lawrence, ‘The Greening of the Squares of London: Transformation of Urban Landscapes and Ideals’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83: 1 (1993), 90-118
  • Nan H. Dreher, ‘The Virtuous and the Verminous: Turn-of-the-Century Moral Panics in London’s Public Parks’, Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 246-267
  • Hazel Conway, People’s Parks: the design and development of Victorian parks in Britain (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991)


  • Peter Saunders, Urban Politics: a Sociological Interpretation (Hutchison, London, 1979)
  • James Greenhalgh, Reconstructing Modernity: space, power and governance in mid-twentieth century British cities (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2017)
  • Nicholas Bullock, Building the Post-War World: Modern Architecture and Reconstruction in Britain (Routledge, London, 2002)
  • Nicholas Bullock, ‘Ideals, priorities and harsh realities: Reconstruction and the LCC, 1945–51‘, PP, 9:1 (1994)
  • Peter Weiler, ‘The rise and fall of the Conservative grand design for housing, 1951-64’, Contemporary British History, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Harriet Jones, ‘This is magnificent, 300,000 houses a year and the Tory revival after 1945’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Guy Ortolano, ‘Planning the urban future in 1960s Britain’, Historical Journal, 54: 2 (2011)
  • Otto Saumarez Smith, ‘Central and Town Centre redevelopment’, Historical Journal, 58: 1 (2015)
  • Junichi Hazewaga, Replanning the Blitzed City Centre (1992)
  • Junichi Hazewaga, ‘Reconstruction of Portsmouth’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Philip N Jones, ‘ A fairer and nobler city:
    Lutyens and Abercrombie’s Plan for the City of Hull 1945′, Planning Perspectives, 13: 3 (1998)
  • Peter J Larkham, ‘The place of urban conservation in the UK reconstruction plans’, PP, 18: 3 (2003)
  • Peter J Larkham, ‘Thomas Sharp’, PP, 24: 1 (2009)
  • Peter J Larkham and John Pendlebury, ‘Reconstruction planning and the small town in early postwar Britain’, PP, 23: 3 (2008)
  • Nick Tiratsoo, ‘The reconstruction of blitzed British cities’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Phil Hubbard , Lucy Faire & Keith Lilley, ‘Contesting the modern city: reconstruction and everyday life in post-war coventry’, PP, 18:4 (2003)
  • Lucy Hewitt and John Pendlebury, ‘local associations and participation in place: change and continuity in the relationship between state and civil society in 20th century Britain’, PP, 29:1 (2014), 25-44
  • Philip Booth, ‘From regulation to discretion: the evolution of development control in the British planning system, 1909-1947’, PP, 14 (1999), 277-89
  • John Sheail, ‘Leisure in the English Countryside: Policy Making in the 1960s’, PP, 16 (2001), 67–84

New town utopias:

  • Mark Clapson, Invicible Green Suburbs: Brave New Towns (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1998)
  • Matthew Hollow, ‘Utopian urges’, PP, 27: 4 (2012)
  • Frank Mort, ‘Fantasies of Metropolitan Life’, Journal of British Studies, 43: 1 (2004)
  • Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge, ‘Mapping the imagined future’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, 89: 1 (2012)


  • Alison Ravetz, Council Housing and Culture: the History of a Social experiment (Routledge, London, 2001)
  • Anne Power, Property before People (1987)
  • Anne Power, Hovels to High Rise (1993)


The Environment:

  • James Winter, Secure from Rash Assault: Sustaining the Victorian Environment (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)
  • P. S. Barnwell and Marilyn Palmer, eds, Post-Medieval Landscapes: Landscape History after Hoskins, vol 3 (Windgather Press, Bollington, 2007)
  • Andrew Done and Richard Muir, ‘The landscape history of grouse shooting in the Yorkshire Dales‘, Rural History, 12 (2001), 195-210
  • Bill Luckin, Pollution and Control: a Social History of the Thames in the Nineteenth Century (Bristol, 1986)
  • John Sheail, An Environmental History of Twentieth-Century Britain (London, 2002)

Land reform and campaigns:

  • Peter C Gould, Early green politics : back to nature, back to the land, and socialism in Britain, 1880-1900 (Brighton, Harvester, 1988)

Preservationist campaigns:

  • Michael Woods, ‘Conflicting environmental visions of the rural: windfarm development in mid Wales’, Sociologia Ruralis, 43: 3 (2003)


Planning and preservation:

  • Gordon Cherry and Alan Rogers, Rural Change and Planning: England and Wales in the Twentieth Century (Chapman & Hall, London, 1996)
  • Martin J. Elson, Green Belts: Conflict Mediation in the Urban Fringe (Heinemann, London, 1986)


Tenants’ movements:

  • Peter Shapely, The Politics of Housing: Power, Consumers and Urban Culture (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2007)
  • Peter Shapely, ‘Planning, housing and participation in Britain, 1968–1976’, Planning Perspectives, Vol. 26, No. 1, January 2011, 75–90
  • Peter Shapely (2006) ‘Tenants arise! Consumerism, tenants and the challenge to council authority in Manchester, 1968–92’ , Social History, 31:1, 60-78


Jeremy Burchardt,


Contemporary radical geography:

  • Alvaro Sevilla-Buitrago, ‘Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons’, Antipode, Vol. 47 No. 4 (2015) 999–1020
  • Darshan Vigneswaran, Kurt Iveson and Setha Low, ‘Problems, Publicity and Public Space: a Resurgent Debate’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 496-502 (and all of that issue – special issue on public space)
  • Margaret Kohn, ‘Privatization and Protest: Occupy Wall Street, Occupy Toronto, and the Occupation of Public Space in a Democracy’, Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 11, No. 1 (March 2013), pp. 99-110
  • Margaret Kohn, Brave New Neighbourhoods: the privatisation of public space (Routledge, 2004)
  • Margaret Kohn, The Life and Death of the Urban Commonwealth (Oxford, OUP, 2016)
  • Florian Langstraat and Rianne Van Melik, ‘Challenging the ‘End of Public Space’: A Comparative Analysis of Publicness in British and Dutch Urban Spaces, Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2013, 429–448
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park again: on the end and ends of public space’, Environment and Planning A, 2017, Vol. 49(3) 503–518
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Property paradigms and place-making: a right to the city; a right to the street?’, Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, Vol. 3 No. 2, September 2012, pp. 254–272
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Public space: property, lines, interruptions,’ Journal of Law, Property and Society, 2 (2016)
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Shopping in the Public Realm: a Law of Place’, Journal of Law and Society, 37: 3 (2010)
  • Don Mitchell, The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space (The Guildford Press, New York, 2003)
  • L. Finchett; Maddock, Protest, Property and the Commons: Performances of Law and Resistance (2015)
  • Darshan Vigneswaran, Kurt Iveson and Setha Low, ‘Problems, Publicity and public space: a resurgent debate’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 496-502
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park again: on the end and ends of public space’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 503-38
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park: Definitions of the Public, and Democracy’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 85: 1 (Mar., 1995)
  • Mike Davis, City of Quartz: excavating the future in Los Angeles (1990)
  • Michael Sorkin, Variations on a Theme Park: the New American City and the End of Public Space (1992)
  • L Staeheli and Don Mitchell, The People’s Property? Power, Politics and the Public (New York, 2008)
  • J Kayden, Privately Owned Public Space: the New York Experience (2002)
  • N Fyfe, ed, Images of the Street: Planning, Identity and Control in Public Space (1998)
  • M Akkar, ‘The changing ‘publicness’ of contemporary public spaces: a case study of the Grey’s Monument Area, Newcastle Upon Tyne’, Urban Design International, 10: 2 (2001), 95-113
  • T Banerjee, ‘The future of public space: beyond invented streets and inverted places’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 67: 1 (2001), 9-24
  • C. De Magalhaes, ‘Public space and the contracting out of publicness’, Journal of Urban Design, 15: 4 (2010), 559-574
  • B Fraser, ‘Madrid’s Retiro Park as a Publicly-Private Space and the Spatial Problems of Spatial Theory’, Social and Cultural Geography, 8: 5 (2007), 673-700
  • D Madden, ‘Revisiting the end of public space: assembling the public’, City and Community, 9: 2 (2010), 187-207
  • R Paddison and J Sharp, ‘Questioning the end of public space: reclaiming control of local banal spaces’, Scottish Geographical Journal, 123: 2 (2007), 87-106
  • A Madanipour, Public and Private Spaces of the City (2003)
  • G. Macleod, ‘From urban entrepreneurialism to a revanchist city? On the spatial injustices of Glasgow’s renaissance’, Antipode, 34: 3 (2002), 602-24