Key reading:

  • James Winter, Secure from Rash Assault: Sustaining the Victorian Environment (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)
  • Matti Hannikainen, The Greening of London, 1920-2000 (Routledge, 2016)
  • James Greenhalgh, Reconstructing Modernity: space, power and governance in mid-twentieth century British cities (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2017)
  • Christopher P. Rodgers, Eleanor A. Straughton, Angus J. L. Winchester and Margherita Pieraccini, Contested Common Land: Environmental Governance Past and Present (Routledge, Abingdon, 2011)
  • Stuart Hodkinson, ‘The New Urban Enclosures’, City, 16: 5 (2000), 500-518
  • Guy Shrubsole, Who Owns England? (Harper Collins, 2019)

Websites and online resources:

Image collections (as of 2018; this may change):

Current and relatively recent reports on public space etc:

GIS resources:

Handily listed by Alasdair Rae of Sheffield University:

Alasdair Rae’s interactive map of Green Belt:


Alasdair Rae’s map of land cover:

Printed primary sources:

Webpages and online articles:

on the privatisation of public spaces:

Social housing/class divides/squatting and public space:

 Enclosure and common rights:

  • Christopher P. Rodgers, Eleanor A. Straughton, Angus J. L. Winchester and Margherita Pieraccini, Contested Common Land: Environmental Governance Past and Present (Routledge, Abingdon, 2011)
  • Christopher Rodgers, ‘Environmental Management of Common Land: towards a new legal framework?’, Journal of Environmental Law, Vol 11 No 2 (1999)
  • Nicola Whyte, Inhabiting the Landscape: Place, Custom and Memory, 1500-1800 (Windgather Press, 2009)
  • Wendy Darby, Landscape and Identity: Geographies of Nation and Class in England (Bloomsbury, 2000)
  • Peter Linebaugh, Stop, Thief! The Commons, Enclosures and Resistance (PM Press, 2014)
  • Ben Cowell, ‘The Commons Preservation Society and the Campaign for Berkhamsted Common, 1866–70’, Rural History, 13: 2 (2002)
  • David M. George, ‘The Plumstead Common Riots of 1876: a study in mid-Victorian protest’, The London Journal, 36: 3 (2011), 195-210;
  • Robert Allen, ‘The battle for the common: politics and populism in mid-Victorian Kentish London’, Social History, 22: 1 (1997), 61
  • Iain Taylor, ‘Pressure Groups, Contested ‘land-scapes’ and the politics of ridicule in Sevenoaks, Kent, 1881-85’, Journal of Victorian Culture, 21: 3 (2016), 322-45,
  • David Kinngray, ‘Rights, “Riot” and Ritual: the Knowle Park Access Dispute, Sevenoaks, Kent, 1883-85’, Rural History, 5: 1 (1994), 63-79.
  • Ian D Rotherham, ed., Cultural Severance and the Environment: the ending of traditional customary practice on commons and landscapes managed in common (Springer, London, 2013)
  • J. W. Aitchison, ‘The Commons and Wastes of England and Wales, 1958-1989’, Area (1990)
  • John Aitchison, ‘The town and village greens of England and Wales’, Landscape Research, 21: 1 (1996), 89
  • Jesse Goldstein, ‘Terra Economica: Waste and the Production of Enclosed Nature’, Antipode, 45: 2 (2013), 357-375
  • Brian Short, ‘Conservation, class and custom: lifespace and conflict in a 19th century Forest environment’, Rural History, 10: 2 (1999), 127-54
  • Brian Short, ‘Environmental politics, custom and personal testimony: memory and lifespace on the late Victorian Ashdown Forest, Sussex’,  Journal of Historical Geography, 30 (2004) 470–495
  • Briony McDonagh and Carl Griffin, ‘Occupy! historical geographies of property, protest and the commons, 1500-1850’, Journal of Historical Geography, 53 (2016), 1-10
  • Alex Jeffrey, Colin McFarlane and Alex Vasudevan, ‘Rethinking enclosure: space, subjectivity and the commons’, Antipode, 44: 4 (2012)
  • R. W. Hoyle, ‘The enclosure of Preston Moor and the creation of moor park in Preston’, Northern History, xlix (2012), 281-
  • Christopher Rogers, ‘Custom and common right: waste land, enclosure and social change in west Lancashire’, Agricultural History Review, xli (1993)
  • Sara Birtles, ‘Common land, poor relief and enclosure’, Past & Present, clxv (1999), 74-106
  • J. Langton, ‘Forest fences: enclosures in a pre-enclosure landscape’, landscape history, xxxv (2014), 5-30
  • Leigh Shaw-Taylor, ‘Labourers, Cows, Common Rights and Parliamentary Enclosure: The Evidence of Contemporary Comment c. 1760-1810’, Past & Present, 171 (2001), 95-126
  • Michael Williams, ‘The Enclosure and Reclamation of Waste Land in England and Wales in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 51 (1970), 55-69
  • Leonard Baker, ‘Human and Animal Trespass as Protest: Space and Continuity in Rural Somerset and Dorset’, History Workshop Journal, ? (2019)
  • H. R. French, ‘Urban common rights, enclosure and the market: Clitheroe Town Moors, 1764–1802’, Agricultural History Review, 51: 1 (), 40–68
  • Jane Humphries, ‘Enclosures, Common Rights, and Women: The Proletarianization of Families in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries’, Economic History Review, 50: 1 (1990), 17-42
  • Carl Griffin, ‘Becoming Private Property: Custom, Law, and the Geographies of ‘Ownership’ in 18th- and 19th-Century England’, Environment and Planning A, 42:3 (2012), 747-62
  • Timothy Shakesheff, Rural conflict, crime and protest: Herefordshire, 1800-1860 (2003)
  • Mark Bowden, Graham Brown and Nicky Smith, An Archaeology of Town Commons in England (English Heritage, 2009)
  • Brodie Waddell, ‘Policing the Commons in the Vale of Yorkshire, c1550-1850’, in Ian D Rotherham, ed., Cultural Severance and the Environment (2013)
  • Matthew Cragoe and Briony McDonagh, ‘Parliamentary enclosure, vermin and the cultural life of English parishes, 1750-1850’, Continuity and Change, 28: 1 (2013)
  • Briony McDonagh, ‘Landscape, territory and common rights in medieval East Yorkshire’, Landscape History, ? (2019)
  • Briony McDonagh and David Crouch, ‘Turf Wars: conflict and co-operation in the management of Wallingfen, East Yorkshire, 1281-1781’, Agricultural History Review, 64: 11 (2016), 133-56
  • Leigh Shaw-Taylor, ‘The management of common land in the lowlands of southern England, c1500-1850’, in M. DeMoor , eds, The Management of Common Land in North West Europe (2002)

Local histories and a sense of place:

  • Gillian Tindall, The Fields Beneath: the History of One London Village (1977; paperback ed. Eland, London, 2010)
  • K. D. M. Snell, Parish and Belonging: Community, Identity and Welfare in England and Wales, 1700-1950 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006)
  • Michael Woods, ‘Engaging the global countryside: globalisation, hybridity and the reconstitution of rural space’, Progress in Human Geography, 31: 4 (2007), 485-507

Urban improvement and gentrification:

  • Nicholas Goddard, ‘Sanitate Crescamus: Water Supply, Sewage Disposal and Environmental Values in a Victorian Suburb’, in Bill Luckin et all, Resources of the City: Contributions to an Environmental History of Modern Europe (Routledge, 2005)
  • Henry W Lawrence, ‘The Greening of the Squares of London: Transformation of Urban Landscapes and Ideals’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83: 1 (1993), 90-118

Policing of street spaces and control of deviance:

  • M. J. Daunton, House and Home in the Victorian City: working-class housing 1850-1914 (London, 1983)
  • J. Gillis, ‘The evolution of juvenile delinquency, 1890-1914’, Past and Present, 67 (1977), 96-126
  • J. Humphreys, Hooligans or Rebels? an oral history of working-class childhood and youth, 1889-1931 (Oxford, 1981)
  • P. Bailey, Leisure and Class in Victorian England: Rational Recreation and the Contest for Control, 1830-1885 (London, 1978)
  • Tim Hitchcock and Heather Shore, eds., The Streets of London from the Great Fire to the Great Stink (Rivers Oram, London, 2003)
  • R. Storch, ‘The policeman as domestic missionary: urban discipline and popular culture in northern England, 1850-1880’, Journal of Social History, 9: 4 (1976)

Ecological gentrification:

Public space, parks and politics:

  • Lynn Hollen Lees, ‘Urban public space and imagined communities in the 1980s and 1990s’, Journal of Urban History, 20: 4 (1994), 443-465
  • John Michael Roberts, ‘Spatial Governance and working-class public spheres: the case of a Chartist Demonstration at Hyde Park’, Journal of Historical Sociology, 14:3 (2001), 308-36
  • P. T. Smith, Policing Victorian London: political policing, public order and the London Metropolitan Police (1985)
  • Peter Gurney, ‘The politics of public space in Manchester, 1896-1919’, Manchester Region History Review, 11 (1997), 12-23,
  • Iain Taylor, ‘Pressure Groups, Contested Land-Spaces and the Politics of Ridicule in Sevenoaks, Kent, 1881-85’, Journal of Victorian Culture, 21: 3 (2016), 322-45
  • Antony Taylor, ‘Commons-stealers, land grabbers and jerry builders: space, popular radicalism and the politics of public access in London, 1848-1880’, International Review of Social History, 40 (1995), 383-407
  • David Killingray, ‘Rights, Riot and Ritual: the Knole Park Access Dispute, Sevenoaks, Kent, 1883-5’, Rural History, 5: 1 (1994), 63-79
  • Neil McMaster, ‘The Battle for Mousehold Heath, 1857-1884: Popular Politics and the Victorian public park’, Past & Present, 127 (1990), 117-54
  • R. H. Hoyle, ‘The Enclosure of Preston Moor and the Creation of Moor Park in Preston’, Northern History, xlix: 2 (2012)
  • Sheridan Gilley, ‘The Garibaldi Riots of 1862’, Historical Journal, 16: 4 (1973), 697-732
  • Nan H Dreker, ‘the virtuous and the verminous: turn of the century moral panics in London’s public parks’, Albion, 29:2 (1997), 246-267
  • Robert Henderson,’The Hyde Park Rally of 9 March 1890: a British response to Russian atrocities’, European Review of History, 21: 4 (2014), 451-66

‘Greening’, preservation, parks and garden cities:

  • Matti Hannikainen, The Greening of London, 1920-2000 (Routledge, 2016)
  • Peter Clark, Jean-Luc Pinot and Richard Rodger, eds, The European City and Green Space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850-2000 (Routledge, 2006)
  • Fabiano Lemes de Oliveria, ‘Green Wedges: origins and development in Britain’, PP, 29:3 (2014), 357-379
  • Tim Brown, ‘ The making of urban healtheries: the transformation of cemeteries and burial grounds in late-Victorian East London’, Journal of Historical Geography,  42 (2013) 1223
  • Kermit C Parsons and David Schuyler, eds, From Garden City to Green City: the Legacy of Ebeneezer Howard (Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002)
  • Henry W Lawrence, ‘The Greening of the Squares of London: Transformation of Urban Landscapes and Ideals’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 83: 1 (1993), 90-118
  • Nan H. Dreher, ‘The Virtuous and the Verminous: Turn-of-the-Century Moral Panics in London’s Public Parks’, Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 246-267
  • Hazel Conway, People’s Parks: the design and development of Victorian parks in Britain (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991)
  • Hilary A Taylor, ‘Urban Public Parks, 1840-1900: design and meaning’, Garden History, 23: 2 (1995), 201-221
  • H. L. Malchow, ‘ Public Gardens and Social Action in Late Victorian London‘, Victorian Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1 (Autumn, 1985), pp. 97-124
  • Aya Sakai, ‘Re-assessing’ London’s squares: the development of preservation policy
    1880–1931′, Town Planning Review, 82: 6 (2011)
  • Barbara Bogusz, ‘Regulating public/private interests in town and village greens’, International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, 5: 1 (2013), 21-39
  • John Aitchison, ‘The town and village greens of England and Wales’, Landscape Research, 21: 1 (1996), 89
  • Donald McGillivray and Jane Holder, ‘Locality, environment and law: the case of town and village greens’, International Journal of Law in Context, 3: 1 (2007), 1-17.
  • Lucie Glasheen, ‘Bombsites, Adventure Playgrounds and the Reconstruction of London: Playing with Urban Space in Hue and Cry’, The London Journal,  (2018), 1-21


  • Peter Saunders, Urban Politics: a Sociological Interpretation (Hutchison, London, 1979)
  • James Greenhalgh, Reconstructing Modernity: space, power and governance in mid-twentieth century British cities (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2017)
  • Nicholas Bullock, Building the Post-War World: Modern Architecture and Reconstruction in Britain (Routledge, London, 2002)
  • Nicholas Bullock, ‘Ideals, priorities and harsh realities: Reconstruction and the LCC, 1945–51‘, PP, 9:1 (1994)
  • Peter Weiler, ‘The rise and fall of the Conservative grand design for housing, 1951-64’, Contemporary British History, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Harriet Jones, ‘This is magnificent, 300,000 houses a year and the Tory revival after 1945’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Guy Ortolano, ‘Planning the urban future in 1960s Britain’, Historical Journal, 54: 2 (2011)
  • Otto Saumarez Smith, ‘Central and Town Centre redevelopment’, Historical Journal, 58: 1 (2015)
  • Junichi Hazewaga, Replanning the Blitzed City Centre (1992)
  • Junichi Hazewaga, ‘Reconstruction of Portsmouth’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Philip N Jones, ‘ A fairer and nobler city: Lutyens and Abercrombie’s Plan for the City of Hull 1945’, Planning Perspectives, 13: 3 (1998)
  • Peter J Larkham, ‘The place of urban conservation in the UK reconstruction plans’, PP, 18: 3 (2003)
  • Peter J Larkham, ‘Thomas Sharp’, PP, 24: 1 (2009)
  • Peter J Larkham and John Pendlebury, ‘Reconstruction planning and the small town in early postwar Britain’, PP, 23: 3 (2008)
  • Nick Tiratsoo, ‘The reconstruction of blitzed British cities’, CBH, 14: 1 (2000)
  • Phil Hubbard , Lucy Faire & Keith Lilley, ‘Contesting the modern city: reconstruction and everyday life in post-war coventry’, PP, 18:4 (2003)
  • Lucy Hewitt and John Pendlebury, ‘local associations and participation in place: change and continuity in the relationship between state and civil society in 20th century Britain’, PP, 29:1 (2014), 25-44
  • Philip Booth, ‘From regulation to discretion: the evolution of development control in the British planning system, 1909-1947’, PP, 14 (1999), 277-89
  • John Sheail, ‘Leisure in the English Countryside: Policy Making in the 1960s’, PP, 16 (2001), 67–84
  • Gavin Parker and Neil Ravenscroft, ‘Benevolence, nationalism and hegemony: fifty years of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949’, Leisure Studies, 18: 4 (1999), 297-313

Protest and legislation:

  • Gavin Parker, ‘Rights, the Environment and Part V of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994’, Area, 31: 1 (1999), 75-
  • Gavin Parker and Neil Ravenscroft, ‘Land, Rights and the Gift: The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 and the Negotiation of Citizenship’, Sociologia Ruralis, Vol 41, Number 4 (October 2001)
  • David Sibley, ‘Endangering the sacred’, in Paul Cloke and Jo Little, eds., Contested Countryside Cultures: Rurality and Socio-cultural Marginalisation (Routledge, 1997)
  • Gavin Parker, Citizenships, Contingency and the Countryside: Rights, Culture, Land and the Environment (Routledge, 2002)
  • David Sibley, Geographies of Exclusion: Society and Difference in the West (Routledge, 1995)
  • Richard Card and Richard Ward , ‘Access to the countryside – the impact of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994’, Journal of Planning & Environment Law, 1996
  • Nicholas Fyfe, ‘Law and order policy and the spaces of citizenship in contemporary Britain’, Political Geography, 14: 2 (1995), 177-89
  • Penny English, ‘Disputing Stonehenge: Law and Access to a National Symbol’, Entertainment Law, Vol.1, No.2 (Summer 2002), 1–22
  • Francesca Klug, Keir Starmer and Stuart Weir, ‘Civil Liberties and the Parliamentary Watchdog: the Passage of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994’, Parliamentary Affairs, 49 (1996)
  • Gina Clayton, ‘Reclaiming Public Ground: The Right to Peaceful Assembly’, Modern Law Review, 63: 2 (2000), 252-60
  • Neil Ravenscroft, ‘Recreational access to the countryside of England and Wales: popular leisure as the legitimation of private property’, Journal of Property Research, 12 (1995), 63-74

New town utopias and postwar reconstruction:

  • Mark Clapson, Invicible Green Suburbs: Brave New Towns (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1998)
  • Matthew Hollow, ‘Utopian urges’, PP, 27: 4 (2012)
  • Frank Mort, ‘Fantasies of Metropolitan Life’, Journal of British Studies, 43: 1 (2004)
  • Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge, ‘Mapping the imagined future’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, 89: 1 (2012)
  • Otto Saumarez Smith, Boom Cities (Oxford, 2019)
  • Catherine Flinn, Rebuilding Britain’s Blitzed Cities: Hopeful Dreams, Stark Realities (Bloomsbury, 2019)
  • Tom Hulme, After the Shock City: Urban Culture and the Making of Modern Citizenship (RHS, 2019)
  • Lauren Piko, Milton Keynes in British Culture: Imagining England (Routledge, 2019)


  • Alison Ravetz, Council Housing and Culture: the History of a Social experiment (Routledge, London, 2001)
  • Anne Power, Property before People (1987)
  • Anne Power, Hovels to High Rise (1993)

The Environment:

  • James Winter, Secure from Rash Assault: Sustaining the Victorian Environment (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)
  • P. S. Barnwell and Marilyn Palmer, eds, Post-Medieval Landscapes: Landscape History after Hoskins, vol 3 (Windgather Press, Bollington, 2007)
  • Andrew Done and Richard Muir, ‘The landscape history of grouse shooting in the Yorkshire Dales‘, Rural History, 12 (2001), 195-210
  • Bill Luckin, Pollution and Control: a Social History of the Thames in the Nineteenth Century (Bristol, 1986)
  • John Sheail, An Environmental History of Twentieth-Century Britain (London, 2002)
  • Peter C Gould, Early green politics : back to nature, back to the land, and socialism in Britain, 1880-1900 (Brighton, Harvester, 1988)

Land reform and the ‘Land Question’:

  • Michael Tichelar, ‘The Labour Party and Land Reform in the Interwar Period’, Rural history, 13: 1 (2002), 85-101
  • Michael Tichelar, The Failure of Land Reform in Twentieth century England: the Triumph of Private Property (London, Routledge, 2019)
  •  Michael Tichelar, ‘The Conflict over property rights during the Second World War: the Labour Party’s abandonment of land nationalisation’, Twentieth-Century British History, 14: 2 (2003), 165-88
  • Brian Short, Land and Society in Edwardian Britain
  • Andro Linklater, Owning the Earth: the transforming history of land ownership
  • Peter H. Lindert, ‘Who owned Victorian England? the debate over landed wealth and inequality’, Agricultural History, 61: 4 (1987), 25-51
  • John Beckett and Michael Turner, ‘End of the Old Order? F. M. L. Thompson, the Land Question and the burden of ownership in England, c1880-c1925’, Agricultural History Review, 55: 2 (), 269-88
  • Alun Howkins, ‘From Diggers to Dongas: the Land in English Radicalism, 1649-2000’, History Workshop Journal, 54 (2002), 1-23
  • Andrew Cox, Adversary Politics and Land: the conflict over land and property policy in postwar Britain (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1984)
  • John Davis, ‘Macmillan’s Martyr: the Pilgrim case, the ‘land grab’ and the Tory housing drive, 1951-9′, Planning Perspectives, 23: 2 (2008), 125-46
  • Brett Christophers, ‘The state and financialisation of public land in the United Kingdom’, Antipode, 49: 1 (2017), 62-85
  •  Peter Weiler, ‘Labour and the Land: from municipalisation to the Land Commission, 1951-71’, Twentieth-Century British History, 19: 3 (2008), 314-43
  • Paul Readman and Matthew Cragoe, eds., The Land Question in Britain, 1750-1950 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)
  • J. Stuart Anderson, Lawyers and the Making of English Land Law, 1832-1940 (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1992)
  • Howard Newby, Colin Bell, David Roe and Peter Saunders, Property, Paternalism and Power: Class Control in Rural England (Hutchinson, London, 1978)
  • Ian Packer, Lloyd George, Liberalism and the Land: the Land Issue and Party Politics in England, 1906-1914 (Suffolk, RHS, 2001)
  • Paul Readman, Land and Nation in England: Patriotism, National Identity and the Politics of Land, 1880-1914 (Suffolk, RHS, 2008)
  • P Kivell and I McKay, ‘Public ownership of urban land’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 13: 2 (1988), 165-78
  • A Offer, Property and Politics 1870-1914: landownership, law, ideology and urban development in England (Cambridge University Press, 1981)

Preservationist campaigns:

  • Michael Woods, ‘Conflicting environmental visions of the rural: windfarm development in mid Wales’, Sociologia Ruralis, 43: 3 (2003)
  • Gary Willis, ‘An arena of glorious work’: the protection of the rural landscape against the demands of Britain’s Second World War effort’, Rural History, 29: 2 (2018),. 259-80
  • John Ranlett, ‘Checking Nature’s Desecration: late-Victorian environmental organisation’, Victorian Studies, 26: 2 (1983), 197-222
  • James Winter, Secure from Rash Assault: Sustaining the Victorian Environment (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999)

Planning and preservation:

  • Gordon Cherry and Alan Rogers, Rural Change and Planning: England and Wales in the Twentieth Century (Chapman & Hall, London, 1996)
  • Martin J. Elson, Green Belts: Conflict Mediation in the Urban Fringe (Heinemann, London, 1986)
  • R. J. Moore-Colyer, ‘From Great Wen to Toad Hall: aspects of the urban-rural divide in interwar Britain’, Rural History, 10: 1 (1999), 105-24
  • D. N. Jeans, ‘Planning and the Myth of the English Countryside in the Interwar Period’, Rural History, 1: 2 (1990), 249-64
  • John Sheail, ‘The restriction of ribbon development act: the character and perception of land-use control in inter-war Britain’, Regional Studies, 13 (1979), 501-12
  • Stephen Heathorn, ‘An English paradise to regain?’, Rural History, 11: 1 (2000)

Tenants’ movements:

  • Peter Shapely, The Politics of Housing: Power, Consumers and Urban Culture (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2007)
  • Peter Shapely, ‘Planning, housing and participation in Britain, 1968–1976’, Planning Perspectives, Vol. 26, No. 1, January 2011, 75–90
  • Peter Shapely (2006) ‘Tenants arise! Consumerism, tenants and the challenge to council authority in Manchester, 1968–92’ , Social History, 31:1, 60-78


Jeremy Burchardt, The Allotment Movement in England, 1793-1873

Contemporary radical geography:

  • Alvaro Sevilla-Buitrago, ‘Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons’, Antipode, Vol. 47 No. 4 (2015) 999–1020
  • Darshan Vigneswaran, Kurt Iveson and Setha Low, ‘Problems, Publicity and Public Space: a Resurgent Debate’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 496-502 (and all of that issue – special issue on public space)
  • Margaret Kohn, ‘Privatization and Protest: Occupy Wall Street, Occupy Toronto, and the Occupation of Public Space in a Democracy’, Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 11, No. 1 (March 2013), pp. 99-110
  • Margaret Kohn, Brave New Neighbourhoods: the privatisation of public space (Routledge, 2004)
  • Margaret Kohn, The Life and Death of the Urban Commonwealth (Oxford, OUP, 2016)
  • Florian Langstraat and Rianne Van Melik, ‘Challenging the ‘End of Public Space’: A Comparative Analysis of Publicness in British and Dutch Urban Spaces, Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2013, 429–448
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park again: on the end and ends of public space’, Environment and Planning A, 2017, Vol. 49(3) 503–518
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Property paradigms and place-making: a right to the city; a right to the street?’, Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, Vol. 3 No. 2, September 2012, pp. 254–272
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Public space: property, lines, interruptions,’ Journal of Law, Property and Society, 2 (2016)
  • Antonia Layard, ‘Shopping in the Public Realm: a Law of Place’, Journal of Law and Society, 37: 3 (2010)
  • Don Mitchell, The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space (The Guildford Press, New York, 2003)
  • L. Finchett; Maddock, Protest, Property and the Commons: Performances of Law and Resistance (2015)
  • Darshan Vigneswaran, Kurt Iveson and Setha Low, ‘Problems, Publicity and public space: a resurgent debate’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 496-502
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park again: on the end and ends of public space’, Environment and Planning A, 49: 3 (2017), 503-38
  • Don Mitchell, ‘People’s Park: Definitions of the Public, and Democracy’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 85: 1 (Mar., 1995)
  • Mike Davis, City of Quartz: excavating the future in Los Angeles (1990)
  • Michael Sorkin, Variations on a Theme Park: the New American City and the End of Public Space (1992)
  • L Staeheli and Don Mitchell, The People’s Property? Power, Politics and the Public (New York, 2008)
  • J Kayden, Privately Owned Public Space: the New York Experience (2002)
  • N Fyfe, ed, Images of the Street: Planning, Identity and Control in Public Space (1998)
  • M Akkar, ‘The changing ‘publicness’ of contemporary public spaces: a case study of the Grey’s Monument Area, Newcastle Upon Tyne’, Urban Design International, 10: 2 (2001), 95-113
  • T Banerjee, ‘The future of public space: beyond invented streets and inverted places’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 67: 1 (2001), 9-24
  • C. De Magalhaes, ‘Public space and the contracting out of publicness’, Journal of Urban Design, 15: 4 (2010), 559-574
  • B Fraser, ‘Madrid’s Retiro Park as a Publicly-Private Space and the Spatial Problems of Spatial Theory’, Social and Cultural Geography, 8: 5 (2007), 673-700
  • D Madden, ‘Revisiting the end of public space: assembling the public’, City and Community, 9: 2 (2010), 187-207
  • R Paddison and J Sharp, ‘Questioning the end of public space: reclaiming control of local banal spaces’, Scottish Geographical Journal, 123: 2 (2007), 87-106
  • A Madanipour, Public and Private Spaces of the City (2003)
  • G. Macleod, ‘From urban entrepreneurialism to a revanchist city? On the spatial injustices of Glasgow’s renaissance’, Antipode, 34: 3 (2002), 602-24
  • David Crouch and Gavin Parker, ‘Digging-up Utopia? Space, practice and land use heritage’, Geoforum, 34 (2003), 395–408
  • Shelley Egoz, Jala Makhzouma and Gloria Pungetti, eds., The Right to landscape: contesting landscape and human rights (Ashgate, 2011)
  • Gavin Parker, Citizenships, Contingency and the Countryside: rights, culture, land and the environment (Routledge, 2006)
  • Shelley Egoz, Karsten Jørgensen, Deni Ruggeri, eds., Defining Landscape Democracy: A Path to Spatial Justice (Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2018)