visit round the Golden Lane estate, City of London

golden lane estate
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Golden Lane estate, City of London

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Golden Lane estate, City of London 51.522396, -0.095787 Golden Lane estate, from 1952, Camberlin Powell and Bon, City of Londonblog post: http://historyofpublicspace.uk/2018/09/23/visit-round-the-golden-lane-estate-city-of-london/Fann Street England, United Kingdom (Directions)

I do like doing Open House London. It marks the start of autumn, the start of a new academic year, a chance to talk to architects, residents, nose round places.

There is a tension, however, when you go on a tour of post-war social housing. The guide today around the Golden Lane estate in the City of London, the ‘older sister’ estate to the Barbican, surely must have shared an unease I’ve felt.

Open House London, especially in the inner boroughs, is essentially middle-class/bourgeois people and art school students touring cool architecture appreciating its aesthetics, facilities and design, but never really interacting with the working-class residents who live there. Maybe local residents do rush round London with their Open House brochure, ticking off the art deco 1930s or postwar brutalist sites, but I’ve never really sensed they were there in any of the tours I’ve been on.

golden lane estate golden lane estate

An exception perhaps was Cressingham Gardens. A couple of years ago I went on a resident-led tour when the Save Cressingham campaign had only just got going, and there was certainly a clearer and bolder political purpose to the Open House day there than simply ‘let’s look at the interesting architecture’.

Back to today’s tour of Golden Lane estate. It’s grade II* listed as a whole, built from 1952 by Chamberlin, Powell and Bon.

Details here: https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1021941 and  Guide for Residents  (PDF) (I’m not going to do a post to the level of research that Municipal Dreams does, for reasons of time and that this isn’t one of my case studies). Listing is unusual for council estates, contrasting with the other estates that have been in the news over the past couple of years because of their demolition or proposed demolition, including Cressingham and Elephant and Castle.

It’s recently been (controversially) renovated, with a revamped community centre (where the architects of the renovation held talks and there was a small archive) and the first stage of big renovation, the main thing I was looking out in particular for the types of open space in the estate.

archive golden lane estate
archive material on display in the community centre

 

The guide said that the original plans allocated 66% for open space. As the estate was built on top of the ruins of blitzed houses, there was a lot of uneven ground and rubble, so the estate is stepped and on different levels. There are some attractive communal gardens with some water features, but the first stage of the buildings do not have much outdoor space for the residents other than small balconies.

The Great Arthur House, now newly restored, had a roof garden with a water feature that was supposed to be reflected off the concrete at the top, but it had been closed for over a generation. The later buildings however anticipated the Barbican that the architects would go on to design, with shared walkways looking out over open courtyards.

golden lane estate
Great Arthur House, Golden Lane estate, City of London

 

golden lane estate
The Bastion. Built on rubble mounds. It was locked and overgrown.

 

golden lane estate
Golden Lane estate swimming pool

 

The piece de resistance of the estate were the sports facilities, notably the beautiful indoor swimming pool. I did notice that there was evidence of some debate about whether the pool should be restored or not on a poster on display. Two major changes to the original design of open space were firstly the replacement of the bowling green with tennis courts, and more significantly, allowing car parking on the main square, which has diminished its use as a potential communal gathering space.

The estate was designed to be inward looking, in order to foster a sense of community and also to provide an escape from the grim blitzed rubble of bomb sites around it.

tennis courts golden lane
tennis courts

 

golden lane estate

 

I’m also interested in the byelaws and rules around residents’ use of the communal spaces. And whether they count as public space, as this is technically a private estate run by the City of London corporation and having its own rules.

golden lane estate

 

Here are the rules governing the Barbican. They include maintaining safety along the balustrades, keeping dogs on leads, no playing of music outside, riding or bringing animals in, climbing trees.

barbican rules
Barbican rules

barbican rules

 

 

 

 

 

 

The two modern contrasts nearby were the ‘developmental aesthetics’ on the hoardings around the private estate being built directly opposite, and the awful sterility of the privately-owned public space of the shopping development next to Liverpool Street station:

Fann Street
Taylor-Wimpey hordings opposite Golden Lane estate

 

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new development next to Liverpool Street station

 

 

 

The debate is still ongoing about plans for the estate: ‘no green space’

golden lane estate

quick update on the Cutteslowe Wall

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Cuttleslowe Wall

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Cuttleslowe Wall 51.785200, -1.266760 Cutteslowe Wall, Oxford, 1934-59http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/16692392.cutteslowe-walls-how-two-estates-were-divided-by-class/https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-oxfordshire-45437843https://www.oxforduniversityimages.com/results.asp?searchtxtkeys=Cutteslowe%20wall[caption id=\"attachment_491\" align=\"alignleft\" width=\"200\"] Cutteslowe Wall plaque[/caption]  Wentworth Road England, United Kingdom (Directions)

 

This article exposing how the resurfacing of the road at Cutteslowe, Oxford, stopping where it reaches the old boundary of the wall that separated private from social housing – shows the materialities and economics of the long legacy of that division:

Council accused of reigniting “class war” on once segregated street

 

work in progress: Wells estate, Epsom, Surrey

os map epsom

Doing some map surfing and came across the Wells estate on Epsom Common, Surrey. It’s a 1930s housing estate in the middle of the eastern edge of the common.

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Wells estate, Epsom

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Wells estate, Epsom 51.326214, -0.290279 Wells estate, c.1930s, Epsom Surreyhttp://www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/EpsomCommonShort.htmlhttp://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/798540Epsom England, United Kingdom (Directions)

epsom common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1871 OS Map shows the farm at the centre of the circle:

1871 os map epsom
https://maps.nls.uk/view/102347460

 

epsom estate
google street view of The Crescent

Thanks to some asking around on Twitter by Municipal Dreams, and some basic information on local history websites, the site is based around the ancient Epsom Salt well but this had long gone. There was an 18th century farm there that made the rectangular encroachment, but I’m still looking for information on the rest of it. (http://www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/EpsomCommonShort.html: states, “The obvious feature is the circular area whose origin is the “Epsom Wells”. By the time of the late 18th century and early 19th century these days were long gone and the area was a farm with farm buildings and a windmill. The rectangular area to the south was removed from the Common to enlarge the area of Wells Farm and as such was never an encroachment, more of an eventual occupation but it seems that the farm struggled to survive and by the 1850s was no longer a complete working farm and became a residence for a wealthy tenant. The 1851 Census return shows John Richard (Landed proprietor) in residence at the Old Wells. It was probably during this time that occupancy of the rectangular area took place, with many small individual plots (the 19th century version of allotments) combining and overtime, the first cottages started to appear about 1858.” But notably the website doesn’t then say anything about the 1930s estate.

Here’s a picture of the well, apparently dressed by the church, on 8 July, taken by Simon Webster:

well at epsom

I’m hoping a trip to Surrey History Centre will provide more information on the landownership and development of the estate. As always, I’m interested in how the residents conceived of public space, especially in being in such an unusual position on the common.

Any information or further reading welcome before I go and find out. Comment below.